Archive for the ‘Video Technology’ Category

Weekly News Roundup, Looking Back at 2017 (December 17, 2017)

Monday, December 18th, 2017

Sorry for the lateness of this roundup. Two things happened. One, I was an idiot and slammed the car door on my left index finger, and so typing, while not impossible, became not quite a pleasant experience. And two, there really wasn’t much going on. So the originally plan was, before the finger ouchie, was to do a kind of brief roundup for the year. That is still the plan, but I’m afraid it will be even briefer now.

Let’s get started.

Copyright

So a lot has happened in terms of copyright news, and and in another aspect, not much has happened. Hollywood and the music industry are still going after the “bad guys”, only the bad guys will change from time to time (the lack of any effect on piracy, remains unchanged).

YouTube Targeted

YouTube is destroying the music industry according to the music industry

For the music industry, YouTube is now the new enemy number one, after having bit of a whinge at Spotify last year. Both YouTube and Spotify have virtually ended piracy as a thing, but because the music industry doesn’t make as money from these platforms as they like (kinda their own fault for not inventing these platforms, the ones that their customers had pleaded for them to introduce, and leaving it for the tech heads to disrupt the industry), they hate it.

They do have a point. As I’m typing this, I’m listening to The Last Jedi soundtrack on YouTube, an official legal upload by DisneyVEVO. There will be lots of people like me that, because of the availability of free listening, won’t bother to pay for it. And the ad money that these uploads make, won’t amount to much I suspect (the same ad for the movie Ferdinand playing over and over again hasn’t made me want to watch it). But in the past, people like me might have just pirated the soundtrack which means no revenue for the labels. So you win some, you lose some. And perhaps there will be others that actually buy the music after hearing and liking it on YouTube or Spotify.

But the fact of the matter is that streaming now accounts for the majority of the music industry’s income, income that has shrunk a lot since the heydays of CDs. People not willing to pay as much for music is now a reality, regardless of who is to blame (and maybe the greater availability of entertainment, from Blu-rays to Netflix to mobile gaming to social media, none of which existed during the peak of CD sales, has had a greater effect than piracy or even the move to digital). Accepting the reality and trying to adapt to it is a much better strategy than complaining about the present and reminiscing about the “good old days”.

MXQ Player

Kodi boxes were public enemy number one

For Hollywood, they too have a new Boogeyman in the form of Kodi boxes. Kodi boxes makes piracy too easy, argues the MPAA. This is true, but it wasn’t as if piracy was rocket science to begin with (especially if you have a geeky boyfriend/girlfriend/brother/sister/cousin/friend that can help you out). The real reason the MPAA is going after Kodi box makers is that it’s easy. These people usually have a traceable bank account, maybe even a real business address, and so it’s so much easier than going after Torrent sites and private trackers.

Going after someone, particularly an easy target that you can take to court and win easy cases against, makes the industry feel they’re doing something, and makes the MPAA relevant. It has no actual effect on anything though, because all that will happen is that we’ll begin to see a lot more Kodi box makers emerge from the traditional markets that are out of the jurisdiction and reach of the MPAA. People will also now learn how to make their own Kodi boxes, which isn’t too hard to begin with (again, the geeky boyfriend/girlfriend/brother/sister/… comes in handy).

HBO Hack

Hacking became a new source for pirated content

Hacking has become a real problem for Hollywood though, with the high profile HBO hack coming to mind. It’s not as disruptive as say general piracy, but in many ways, it is much more damaging. Not just the leak of unreleased content, but also emails and other data that studios would liked to have remained private.

There is also renewed attack on Safe Harbor protection, not just in the U.S., but in Australia too. Hollywood is seeking to erode the legal protection offered to tech companies, protection that has been essential in the creation of platforms like YouTube and Facebook. To be fair, this line of attack is not new, but Hollywood and the copyright industry are getting closer to rewriting copyright law than ever before.

And finally, the Weinstein expose will hopefully have a positive effect on the perverse and unhealthy culture in Hollywood and elsewhere.

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Disney content on Netflix

Disney (and Fox) will be a real threat to Netflix

The biggest disruption to business as usual in Hollywood in 2017 may have only occurred in the last few days, with the news that Disney will buy Fox. Two huge studios are now just one mega huge studio, and that has wide ranging effects on all parts of the industry. With Disney already announcing they’re coming after Netflix, the acquisition of Fox means they now have the content to mount a real battle. There is also Hulu, which has had a great year thanks to The Handmaid’s Tale. Hulu is co-owned by Fox, Disney and a few others – it will now be majority owned by Disney, and is already a threat to Netflix and Amazon.

And the timing of the acquisition and the move into the streaming market couldn’t be more better. With the physical media business, one that Disney dominates thanks to its mega franchises, losing steam again in 2017 after a brief hiatus in 2016, the signs are already there. Ultra HD Blu-ray has done well actually, but it was always a niche market and the declines in standard Blu-rays and DVDs cannot be ignored (sales dropped by 8.5% and 15.7% respectively for Black Friday).

2017 probably marked the end of 3D as a serious format on home video as well, with fewer and fewer 3D TV sets being produced, and not that many movies being released either.

Gaming

Nintendo Switch Mario Odyssey Bundle

The Nintendo Switch is the must-have toy for Christmas

Gaming also saw some big changes in 2017. Two big new (or newish) consoles were released in 2017, the Nintendo Switch and the Xbox One X. But only one of these will be the must-have item for Christmas, and that’s the Nintendo console. The hybrid nature of the console, the line-up of great games (Zelda in particular), and the same-old-same-ness of the PS4 and Xbox One offerings really helped to convince many that the Switch is the one to have. Just about every Christmas ad I’ve seen for department store or online retailers, or even credit card companies, feature the Switch as a much wanted gift. This is just a reflection of reality, but at the same time, it’s great promotion for Nintendo.

It was a big gamble for Nintendo, and I’m happy for them that it paid off. Creativity and risk taking is something that the gaming industry lacks sometimes, and so it’s always nice to see innovation win the day, rather than just better graphics and higher framerates.

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I know it’s not much of a roundup, and I’m sure I’ve actually missed talking about most of the things that have happened this year, but you know how hard it is to type without your left index finger? Actually not as hard as I thought it would be, but still hard. Until next week or when my finger heals a bit more, have a great one!

Weekly News Roundup (December 10, 2017)

Sunday, December 10th, 2017

Welcome to another WNR. It’s been a very quiet week, and I expect a few of them going into the holiday break. But as long as there’s a single story to talk about, we’ll be here, even if the WNR, like this one, might be a very short one indeed.

Copyright

Redbox Kiosk

Disney going after Redbox for re-selling digital copy codes

It’s not often that I agree with the premise behind a Hollywood studio’s lawsuit. These types of lawsuits usually tend to exaggerate the scale of the problem, frequently ignore the principles of fair use, and mostly just used by studios for propaganda purposes, with no real effect on piracy.

But Disney’s lawsuit against Redbox, from a common sense point of view, does seem to have merit. Redbox has been buying Disney movies at retail and putting them in their Redbox kiosks. This part I have no problems with, and while I’m sure Disney would prefer a more formalised deal, this isn’t what the lawsuit is about. What it is about is Redbox taking the Digital Copy inserts from these Blu-ray or DVD movies and then selling them to their customers, despite it being made very clear that these Digital Copy codes are not for sale or transfer.

I’m sure individuals have done this before – to sell the Digital Copy codes on at a discount compared to what the movie would normally cost on iTunes. But for a company to do this, on such a scale commercially, they’re just asking for trouble. The fact of the matter is that Disney and other studios offers a “discount” on these digital copies as part of a Blu-ray or DVD combo in order to promote their disc sales, even though they know this will eat in to their digital only business. Redbox actions removes any incentive Disney has for going down this road, and at the same time, takes a chunk out of Disney’s digital sales.

Redbox’s argument seems to be that it’s good for the consumer, and so they should be allowed to do it. They have a point in that, by offering these digital downloads at a discount, it’s doing us consumers a favour. But we all know that if this is Redbox’s only argument, then it will not hold up in court, because there are plenty of “pro-consumer” products and activities that are, at the end of the day, outright illegal.

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Redbox’s actions are not really a threat to Disney’s disc and digital sales, as the studio is doing roaring business thanks to its major franchises, all of which seem to do well on Blu-ray. But with that said, discs sales are definitely down all around. With Black Friday just out of the way, I’ve managed to have a look and write up the sales results from the week, and things aren’t looking up.

Movies at Walmart

Disc sales are down this Black Friday

In fact, almost everything is down. Both Blu-ray sales and DVD sales are down, but because DVD is falling faster than Blu-ray, weekly Blu-ray market share managed to rise compared to the last Black Friday. That’s little consolation considering overall sales were down $36 million, or roughly 13%.

The only bright spot appears to be Ultra HD Blu-ray sales, which now accounts for nearly 10% of all disc sales for many of the top sellers. That’s not bad considering the number of 4K TVs in people’s homes, and the lack of real discounting on BF.

The arrival of subscription streaming, and to a lesser extent, digital sales, have all had an impact on the popularity of discs.

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That’s all we have for you this week it seems. Told you it wasn’t much. Hoping there’s more next week, so until then …

Weekly News Roundup (December 3, 2017)

Sunday, December 3rd, 2017

Welcome to the last months of 2017. It has really flown by, hasn’t it? I’ve found a way to judge how busy I’ve been in a year, simply by the amount of binge worthy TV that I’ve managed to miss. So if you’ve still got Black Mirror Season 3, Stranger Things Season 2 and other similar shows in your watch queue, it must mean you’ve had a super busy year.

Was it a super busy week in terms of news? Kinda. Let’s go through it and see what happens.

Copyright

Netflix Remote

Netflix’s effect on piracy may take time to measure

New research shows that Netflix may not be the cure-all for the piracy problem after all. The study compared households with a known piracy track record, and tried to see if there was a change when half of the households were given a free subscription to an unnamed VOD service. The results weren’t that promising, with only a small change in the downloading habits of those given free subscriptions.

The main problem? Most of the shows and movies people wanted to watch simply weren’t on the SVOD platform they had access to. Anyone who uses Netflix will know this is not a lie.

When asked given what’s available on Netflix, how much these households were willing to pay, most said an amount that was nowhere near what Netflix needs to cover its costs – only $3.25 USD. And even then, these households were still going to continue pirating.

So while it seems that SVOD alone isn’t the answer to the piracy problem, when combined with digital sell-through and fairer pricing for all content, the piracy problem may not be as difficult to solve as this research suggest. Plus, there is one major phenomenon that the study may have failed to account for – and that is how SVOD *changes* one’s viewing habits over time.

Speaking from personal experience, having access to Netflix, Australia’s own Stan and Hulu has dramatically changed how I consume content. It used to be that I would buy lots of DVDs and Blu-rays (but usually when they’re on sale – rarely would I buy a new release). Now, if I can wait for a movie to get onto one of the SVOD platforms, I would. For the movies that I really want to see right away, I would go see it at the cinemas, or when all else fails, buy it on Blu-ray.

I’m also now spending much more of my free time viewing original productions on Netflix, Stan and Hulu, to the point where I’m skipping a lot of content that, in the past, I would have bought on Blu-ray (when they were on sale). The content that I’m skipping would usually be the so-so movies with average ratings that, I’m curious about, but definitely not in the must-see category (there’s plenty of content on Netflix that falls into this category, so I’m never really out of stuff to watch). Even some blockbuster movies, ones that did well at the box office, might fall into this category as well.

So if other people can change the way they consume content, to be more patient with new releases, to consume more of the original productions, and to be willing to skip a lot of “not so great” content, then piracy should come down thanks to Netflix and other SVOD platforms. It will take time though for this to happen, something a quick study like this one might not be able to account for.

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A small followup to a story I covered a few weeks ago. It seems the latest version of Denuvo is working again to offer publishers some protection, since it’s been a month and Assassin’s Creed: Origins still remains uncracked, along with some other A-list titles like Star Wars: Battlefront II that uses the same updated version of Denuvo. So the cat and mouse game begins again, even though the cat (or is it the mouse) has the upper hand for now.

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Alliance For Open Media

Alliance For Open Media’s AOMedia 1 format looks promising

The HEVC hegemony is being challenged by a newcomer – AV1. Officially known as AOMedia Video 1 (with AOMedia standing for Alliance for Open Media), it’s a next-gen codec that promises to be even more efficient than HEVC. And Mozilla, one of the founding members of the Alliance, has just added AV1 support to the latest beta version of Firefox.

Tests so far have confirmed that AV1 is at least as efficient as HEVC, and probably more so. With software giants Microsoft, Internet giants Google, Amazon, Facebook, Netflix and computing icons IBM, Intel all backing the Alliance, it’s easy to see why AV1 might just prove to be the real thing (or at least more real than VP9).

The problem though, is the lack of hardware support for AV1 at the moment. Encoding is a pain in the ass right now, 150 seconds of encoding just for 1 second of AV1 video, and without hardware decoding support, anyone playing AV1 files on their mobile devices will soon run out of battery. But these things take time, and the hardware support will come (especially with Intel on board).

So why the need for AV1? It’s in the name, really – the Alliance for *Open* Media. Nobody wants to get tied to a royalty heavy codec like HEVC, so if there’s an open source, royalty free alternative, it will be warmly embraced, especially by open source developers like Mozilla.

While I’m here, I also wanted to address the strange emphasis on Apple in the CNET article I linked to above. While Apple has embraced HEVC in iOS 11, it’s by no means the first company to embrace HEVC, nor does it have some kind of stake in its success. In fact, one might say it is one of the last to fully embrace the format, what with Netflix, Amazon all using HEVC, and with support for it mandatory for 4K TVs and Ultra HD Blu-ray. And Android has had decoding support for it since Android version 5.0. So it’s not so much as AV1 taking on Apple, as AV1 taking on an established format that, I’m sure if AV1 was successful, the likes of Apple would be more than happy to add support for.

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And we reach the end of another WNR. Hope it was an interesting read for you all. See you next week!

Weekly News Roundup (November 5, 2017)

Sunday, November 5th, 2017

Again, sorry for the hiatus last week. I know this is becoming far more common than I would like, but I did have a genuine excuse last week. Apparently, you’re never too young to have your first bout of vertigo. First, and I really hope last for a while if not forever, because having the whole room spin every time you move your head, is not a pleasant experience.

So this week’s Weekly News Roundup is more like a Fortnightly Roundup, or Bi-Weekly if you prefer that terminology instead. I promise not to make a habit of it!

(One positive from my confined bed rest was how I managed to catch up on my Netflix a bit. Also good timing that Stranger Things 2 just came out! Tubular! I’m currently working my way through Mindhunter.)

Copyright

Here at Digital Digest, we’ve always been waiting for the day that common sense prevails when it comes to DRM. In that, we look forward to the day that everyone sees just how worthless and counter-productive the whole thing is and either it stops being used, or if needed, legislation is put into place to prevent its use. What’s happening in Portugal falls short of this, but it’s at least in the right direction, with the European country deciding to inject a bit of common sense into digital copyright laws.

No longer will fair use have to play second fiddle to laws protecting DRM, and so if you need to rip something for research or personal use, there are no legal repercussions for doing so. And the use of DRM is now completely banned in Portugal when it comes to protecting content that shouldn’t be protected, such as works in the public domain.

The only things Portugal doesn’t do the right thing on is in relation to obtaining the tools to rip and remove DRM. Distributing these tools will still be considered unlawful, despite their use being legal in many cases. How this will work, I don’t know (probably a “turn a blind eye” kind of deal), but it just goes to show that, despite progress being made, there’s still a long way to go before “the folly of DRM” is consigned to the history books.

High Definition

HEVC Logo

HEVC wins an Emmy!

One things I found out last week was that it is actually possible for a video codec to win an Emmy. Or rather, the super smart people behind the HEVC codec won an Primetime Engineering Emmy, and I think well deserved too. Without HEVC, the 4K revolution really wouldn’t have been possible (imagine if Netflix 4K required a minimum bandwidth of 50+ Mbps, instead of the current 25 Mbps requirement).

Now, you could enter the argument that without the existence of HEVC, some other codec, maybe even an open source one, could have taken over. But one that is as efficient as HEVC, and also at the same time totally free of royalty encumbrances, might be nothing more than just wishful thinking – paying for something some times gives you a peace of mind that not paying for something and then getting sued later on for it does not.

Gaming

Nintendo Switch Mario Odyssey Bundle

The Nintendo Switch is selling like hot cakes. Better, even!

Things get better and better for Nintendo. The Switch is dominating the PS4 and Xbox One in the NPD results, and this has translated to a upgraded profit results for Nintendo. And if you ever needed a comparison to how well the Switch is doing and how poor the Wii U was, all you need to know that in just a year, the Switch will most likely have sold as many units as the Wii U managed to do in its entire lifespan of five years. In other words, the Switch will outsell the Wii U by next March!

I don’t know if this says more about how popular the Switch is, or how poor the Wii U was, but probably a bit of both.

The next couple of months will be very interesting. Not only do we have the usual holiday sales peak, there’s also a new console out from Microsoft. The Xbox One X somehow manages to be the most powerful console ever made, and heaps smaller than the original Xbox One (and even smaller than the Xbox One S). Its price tag, however, is not that small, and that’s its main weakness.

Going back to the Switch, it will be interesting to see if sales hold up during the holidays, whether it’s the “must have game console” for the holidays, and if so, whether Nintendo can ensure there’s plenty of stock for everyone.

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Alright, that’s it for the week. Time to finish off Mindhunter and then move on to the next binge target. See you next week.

Weekly News Roundup (October 22, 2017)

Sunday, October 22nd, 2017

Sorry again for the hiatus last weekend, a combination of not much happening, and too much happening in my personal life, meant that writing a WNR was just not going to work out.

Luckily, there’s more news and less other stuff this week, and so here’s we are again.

Copyright

There’s more Denuvo news, and you guessed it, it’s not good news for the anti-tampering/piracy system. Two more games have been cracked this week, and both were cracked in about 24 hours. I think it’s safe to say that the current version of Denuvo is no longer viable, and unless Denuvo the company can bring out a major new revision that changes things enough to make whatever the current method of cracking obsolete, then things are not looking good for the protection system that was once hailed as unbreakable.

So in terms of PC game piracy, it seems we’re back to the drawing board. With mobile gaming moving away from the pay-to-play to a free-to-play model, which has made piracy redundant (although hacking/cheating to get in-game premium currency remains a thing), perhaps it’s something PC game makers need to consider. Or at the very least, ditch the use of bad user experience, processor intensive, and hardly working protection systems.

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MXQ Player

Kodi boxes are in the spotlight again

The MPAA has finally decided to go after Kodi box makers, that’s not surprising. What was surprising was that Netflix and Amazon decided to tag along too. Or perhaps this isn’t surprising either, because both streaming giants are now very much in the content production game, and they want to protect their content too.

This lawsuit is by no means a certain victory for the content creators though, if the Kodi box maker in question, TickBox, decide to fight this thing in court. TickBox can argue all they’ve done is install a bunch of freely downloadable software into an Android box. The software may do things that are illegal, but TickBox has nothing to do with that. Against TickBox is the fact that their website seems to promote the device as something that can replace paid for content, so they cannot argue that they aren’t aware of the piracy nature of the apps they package with the device.

It’s worth keeping an eye on this, but I suspect the makers of TickBox will be keen to make a deal, as opposed to taking this thing further.

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iTunes 10

Could a new way to distribute video undercut Apple’s profits?

Here’s something that could possibly challenge the likes of Apple, Amazon and Google, and to a lesser extent, Netflix and Hulu. White Rabbit is a new video distribution system that aims to connect consumers directly to content creators, bypassing the “middlemen”. White Rabbit uses the same Blockchain technology that helps to drive Bitcoins, and instead applies the transparent transaction principle to buying movies and TV shows. White Rabbit aims to separate the distribution to the financial transaction, so they a company like Apple and Google won’t have as much power to dictate pricing and revenue sharing, just because they happen to run a download/streaming service.

Instead, content holders get the majority share of revenue, directly from consumers, and multiple outlets can provide the download/streaming ecosystem, bringing more competition, and less monopolisation, to the marketplace. It’s easy to see that this paradigm shift can apply to not just video, but practically any kind of digital delivery.

Not sure how this could apply to subscription streaming though, but the idea behind Blockchain is solid and can apply to any kind of transaction system if you want transparency, and fraud prevention.

Gaming

Nintendo Switch

The Nintendo Switch was on top again in September

The Nintendo Switch was on top yet again in September, after winning August and July, This makes it 5 out of 7, the number of months it has won since it’s release. This news doesn’t actually come from the NPD, which usually releases these things, but directly from Nintendo themselves, due to a “data issue” that delayed NPD’s September report.

Regardless, it’s a very impressive set of results for Nintendo. The release of the Xbox One X in November won’t really change things, I suspect, due to the console’s high cost and niche factor. The holidays tend to favour the big two, but the momentum is with the Switch and it could become the “must-have” video game hardware for the season, just like the Wii was back when.

Time will tell …

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That’s it for the week, a nice collection of stories that I hope was interesting enough for you. See you next week!